Top Ten Utility Green Pricing Programs

December 2003

Green Pricing Program Renewable Energy Sales
(as of December 2003)
Rank Utility Resources Used Sales (kWh/year) Sales (Avg. MW)a
1 Austin Energy Wind and landfill gas 289,038,019 33.0
2 Portland General Electricb Wind and geothermal 188,646,290 21.5
3 Sacramento Municipal Utility Districtd Landfill gas, wind, hydro 143,160,698 16.3
4 PacifiCorpb Wind and geothermal 132,168,603 15.1
5 Xcel Energy Wind 123,700,000 14.1
6 Los Angeles Department of Power & Water Small hydro, landfill gas, solar 87,845,342c 10.0
7 Tennessee Valley Authorityd Biogas, wind, solar 40,491,000 4.6
8 We Energiesd Landfill gas, wind, hydro 34,648,566 4.0
9 Alliant Energy Wind and landfill gas 27,958,473 3.2
10 Puget Sound Energy Wind and solar 27,312,900 3.1

Source: NREL

Notes:

a An "average megawatt" (aMW) is a measure of capacity equivalent that assumes the capacity operates continuously.

b Marketed in partnership with Green Mountain Energy Company.

c Data is for 2002.

d Product is Green-e certified (www.green-e.org).



Total Number of Customer Participants
(as of December 2003)
Rank Utility Program Name(s) Participants
1 Xcel Energy WindSource
Renewable Energy Trust
43,039
2 Los Angeles Department of Water & Power Green Power for a Green L.A. 29,677
3 Portland General Electric Company a Clean Wind
Renewable Usage
Healthy Habitat
26,893
4 Sacramento Municipal Utility District Greenergyb
PV Pioneers I
24,542
5 PacifiCorpa Blue Sky
Renewable Usage
Habitat Option
23,351
6 We Energies Energy for Tomorrowb 10,760
7 Alliant Energy Second Nature 9,519
8 Austin Energy GreenChoice 7,462
9 Tennessee Valley Authority Green Power Switchb 7,364
10 Wisconsin Public Service SolarWise for Schools
NatureWiseb
6,157

Source: NREL

Notes:

a Marketed in partnership with Green Mountain Energy Company.

b Product is Green-e certified (www.green-e.org).



Customer Participation Rate
(as of December 2003)
Rank Utility Program Name(s) Participation Rate Start Date
1 Lenox Municipal Utilities a Green City Energy 11.1% 2003
2 City of Palo Alto Utilitiesb Palo Alto Greend 6.6% 2003
3 Moorhead Public Service Capture the Wind 5.5% 1998
4 Holy Cross Energy Wind Power Pioneer
Local Renewable Energy Pool
5.1% 1998
2002
5 Montezuma Municipal Light and Powera Green City Energy 4.9% 2003
5 Orcas Power & Light Go Green 4.9% 1999
7 City of Fairbanka Green City Energy 4.7% 2003
8 Sacramento Municipal Utility District Greenergyd
PV Pioneers I
4.6% 1997
1993
9 Central Electric Cooperativec Green Power 4.1% 1999
10 Madison Gas & Electric Wind Energy Program 3.9% 1999

Source: NREL

Notes:

a Program offered in association with the Iowa Association of Municipal Utilities.

b Product marketed in partnership with 3 Phases Energy Services.

c Power supplied by PNGC Power.

d Product is Green-e certified (www.green-e.org).



Price Premium Charged for New, Customer-Driven
Renewable Power
a

(as of December 2003)
Rank Utility Resources Used Premium
1 Austin Energyb Wind and landfill gas 0.59¢/kWh
2 OG&E Electric Servicesb Wind 0.63¢/kWh
3 Clallam County Public Utility Districtb Landfill gas 0.70¢/kWh
4 Wabash Valley Power Associationc Landfill gas 0.90¢/kWh
5 Roseville Electric Geothermal and solar 1.00¢/kWh
5 Sacramento Municipal Utility Districtd Landfill gas, wind, hydro 1.00¢/kWh
5 Southern Minnesota Municipal Power Agency Wind 1.00¢/kWh
8 Emerald People's Utility Districte Wind 1.20¢/kWh
9 American Municipal Power - Ohioe Hydro, wind 1.30¢/kWh
9 Eugene Water and Electric Boardb Wind 1.30¢/kWh

Source: NREL

Notes:

a Includes only programs that have installed or announced firm plans to install or purchase power from 100% new renewable resources.

b Premium is variable; customers in these programs are exempt or otherwise protected from changes in utility fuel charges.

c The premium charged by participating member distribution utilities varies from 0.9¢/kWh to 1.0¢/kWh.

d Product is Green-e certified (www.green-e.org).

e Product is marketed in partnership with Green Mountain Energy Company.


For More Information -

Online Report: Utility Green Pricing Programs: What Defines Success? (PDF Report: 1.1 MB) NREL/TP-620-29831, August 2001.


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