Top Ten Utility Green Pricing Programs

December 2002

Green Pricing Program Renewable Energy Sales
(as of December 2002)
Rank Utility Resources Sales (kWh/year) Sales (Avg. MW)1
1 Austin Energy Wind, landfill gas, solar 251,520,000 28.7
2 Sacramento Municipal Utility District Landfill gas, wind, solar 104,344,0002 11.9
3 Xcel Energy Wind and solar 103,739,0003 11.8
4 Los Angeles Department of Power and Water Wind and landfill gas 66,666,0004 7.6
5 Portland General Electric5 Wind and geothermal 57,989,000 6.6
6 PacifiCorp5 Wind and geothermal 55,615,000 6.3
7 Tennessee Valley Authority Wind, biomass, landfill gas, solar 35,955,000 4.1
8 We Energies Landfill gas, wind, hydro 35,161,000 4.0
9 Puget Sound Energy Wind and solar 20,334,000 2.3
10 Madison Gas and Electric Wind 15,593,000 1.8
Source: NREL

Notes:

1 An "average megawatt" is a consistent measure of capacity equivalent that assumes the capacity operates continuously.

2 Includes an estimated 3 million kWh of generation from the 1.9 MW of PV installed through the PV Pioneers program.

3 Includes an estimated 175,000 kWh of generation from the 100 kW of PV installed through the Renewable Energy Trust program.

4 Data for 2001 from program audit conducted by the Los Angeles City Controller, August 2002.

5 Marketed in partnership with Green Mountain Energy Company.


Total Number of Customer Participants
(as of December 2002)
Rank Utility Program Name(s) Participants
1 Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Green Power for a Green L.A. 72,7321
2 Xcel Energy WindSource
Renewable Energy Trust
32,6002
3 PacifiCorp3 Blue Sky
Renewable Usage
Salmon-Friendly
20,028
4 Portland General Electric Company 3 Clean Wind Power
Renewable Usage
Salmon-Friendly
19,623
5 Sacramento Municipal Utility District Greenergy
PV Pioneers
19,1724
6 We Energies Energy for Tomorrow 11,014
7 Alliant Energy Second Nature 7,280
8 Austin Energy GreenChoice 6,725
9 Tennessee Valley Authority Green Power Switch 6,487
10 Wisconsin Public Service SolarWise for Schools
NatureWise
5,6445
Source: NREL

Notes:

1 Includes 41,833 lifeline/low-income customers that have signed up for green power but do not pay a premium.

2 There were 9,420 participants in the Renewable Energy Trust program as of December 2002. About 20% of these customers also participate in the Windsource program.

3 Marketed in partnership with Green Mountain Energy Company.

4 About 800 customers participate in the PV Pioneers program.

5 A total of 1,048 customers participate in the NatureWise program. There are 204 customers that participate in both of the utility's green power programs.


Customer Participation Rate
(as of December 2002)
Rank Utility Program Name(s) Participation Rate Start Date
1 Moorhead Public Service Capture the Wind 5.8% 1998
2 Orcas Power & Light Green Power 5.5% 1999
3 Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Green Power for a Green L.A. 5.2%1 1999
4 Holy Cross Energy Wind Power Pioneers
Local Renewable Energy Pool
4.9% 1998
5 Central Electric Cooperative2 Green Power 3.7% 1999
6 Madison Gas and Electric Wind Power Program 3.6% 1999
6 Sacramento Municipal Utility District Greenergy
PV Pioneers
3.6% 1997
8 Preston Public Utilities3 Wind Power 3.4% 2000
9 Cass County Electric Cooperative4 Infinity Wind Energy 3.1% 1999
10 Cedar Falls Utilities Wind Energy Electric Project 3.0% 1999
10 Eugene Water and Electric Board EWEB Wind Power 3.0% 1999
Source: NREL

1 Includes lifeline/low-income customers that have signed up for green power but do not pay a premium.

2 Supplied by the Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative.

3 Supplied by Southern Minnesota Municipal Power Agency.

4 Supplied by Minnkota Power Cooperative.


Price Premium Charged for New, Customer-Driven
Renewable Power
1

(as of December 2002)
Rank Utility Resources Used Premium
1 Clallam County Public Utility District Landfill gas 0.70¢/kWh
2 Roseville Electric Reinjected geothermal, solar 1.00¢/kWh
2 Sacramento Municipal Utility District Landfill gas, hydro, wind 1.00¢/kWh
4 Pacific County Public Utility District Wind, hydro 1.05¢/kWh
5 Austin Energy2 Wind, solar, landfill gas 1.08¢/kWh
6 Eugene Water and Electric Board Wind 1.30¢/kWh
7 City of Bowling Green (Ohio) Small hydro, solar 1.35¢/kWh
7 Dakota Electric Association Wind 1.35¢/kWh
9 Clark Public Utilities Wind, solar 1.50¢/kWh
9 Great River Energy3 Wind 1.50¢/kWh
9 Moorhead Public Service4 Wind 1.50¢/kWh
9 Oregon Trail Electric Cooperative Wind 1.50¢/kWh
Source: NREL

Notes:

1 Includes only programs that have installed or announced firm plans to install or purchase power from new renewable resources.

2 Price premium for customers who signed up for phase two of program. Customers are exempt from fuel charges.

3 Suggested retail price for member distribution cooperatives.

4 Adjusted to reflect the cost of 100% new wind power.

For More Information -

Online Report: Utility Green Pricing Programs: What Defines Success? (PDF Report: 1.1 MB) NREL/TP-620-29831, August 2001.


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