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Large Purchasers of Green Power


April 2014 - Google Inc. has partnered with MidAmerican Energy to supply up to 407 megawatts (MW) of electricity use from renewable energy sources for its data center in Council Bluffs, Iowa. Under the contract, MidAmerican will sell Google energy bundled with renewable energy certificates from the company's Wind VIII program. To date, Google's renewable energy agreements now comprise more than 1,000 MW and its investments constitute more than $1 billion in 15 renewable energy investments internationally.

Press Release - An Earth Day treat: lots of renewable energy for our Iowa data center

January 2014 - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Green Power Partnership has recently released updated lists of the top Green Power Partners. A new addition to the National Top 100 list is Google Inc. (6th). Google uses more than 737 million kWh of green power annually, primarily supplied by two 20-year power purchase agreements. Intel Corporation maintains its (1st) placement on the list using green energy to cover 100 percent of its electricity demand. The Green Power Partnership features Top Lists in the following categories: Top 30 Retail list, Top 30 College & University List, Top 30 On-site Generation List, Top 30 Local Government List, Top 30 Tech & Telecom, and Long-term Contracts List.

The standings for the 2013-14 College & University Green Power Challenge, which monitors green power use of colleges and universities both individually and by athletic conference have also been released. As of January 2014, the Big Ten Conference is leading the Challenge with over 309 million kWh in annual green energy used to power the conference. The University of Pennsylvania tops the list for the largest green power use overall, more than 200 million kWh annually, of any school in the Challenge.

January 2014 - Google has finalized an agreement to invest $75 million in the Panhandle 2 wind farm. The wind farm has a capacity of 182 megawatts and is located in Carson County, outside of Amarillo, Texas. The wind farm, expected to be operational by the end of 2014, was developed by Pattern Energy Group LP and will power 56,000 U.S. homes. To date, Google has invested over $1 billion in wind and solar projects.

News Article - A new wind investment in Texas

Additional Information - Investing in a clean energy future

September 2013 - Google recently expanded its commitment to renewable energy by agreeing to purchase the entire output of the 240-megawatt (MW) Happy Hereford wind farm near Amarillo, Texas. This is the fifth large-scale power purchase agreement Google has signed since 2010, and brings the company's total contracted wind power to 570 MW. The electricity generated by the new wind farm will be fed into the Southwest Power Pool, the same grid that serves Google's Mayes County, Oklahoma data center. Google will not be able to consume the electricity directly at the data center, but will sell the electricity to the wholesale market and retire the generated renewable energy certificates (RECs) against the company's carbon footprint. A small Native American-owned company, Chermac Energy, will be developing the wind farm.

Press Release - Another windy day in Texas: a new power purchase agreement

January 2013 - Google has announced the equity investment of roughly $200 million in the 161-megawatt (MW) Spinning Spur Wind Project in west Texas. The wind farm was developed by EDF Renewable Energy (EDF) and is comprised of seventy 2.3-MW turbines. The project became operational at the end of 2012 and EDF remains as the owner/operator. The project's power has been contracted to be sold to Southwestern Public Service Company, an operating company of Xcel Energy primarily serving Texas and New Mexico.

News Release - A Wind Investment Deep in the Heart of Texas

News Release - Google Invests in 161 Megawatt Texas Wind Project

Additional Information - Google Makes $75M Equity Investment in Iowa Wind Farm, and Google Signs 20-Year Agreement for Oklahoma Wind

November 2012 - Google has announced a $75 million equity investment in the 50-megawatt (MW) wind farm installed and operating in Rippey, Iowa. In 2010, Google made its first attempt to green the Iowa grid by entering into a 114-megawatt power purchase agreement (PPA) with NextEra Energy's Story County II wind farm. Google operates a data center in Council Bluffs, Iowa. In contrast to Google's position as a power purchaser in the Story County II transaction, Google has invested directly in the Rippey, Iowa project. In the Rippey project, the developer, RPM Access, signed in Fall 2011 an agreement to sell the power produced by the project to Central Iowa Power Cooperative. Google's investment in the Rippey project brings the technology company's total commitments in the renewable energy sector to $990 million.

In addition to Google's 2010 Story County II PPA and its direct investment in the Rippey project, Google also entered into a 48-megawatt PPA in September 2012 to purchase wind power from the Canadian Hills Wind Project in Oklahoma.

News Release - Investing in green energy in Greene County, Iowa

Additional Information - More renewable energy for our data centers

September 2012 - Google has agreed to purchase the power produced by 48 megawatts (MW) of Grand River Dam Authority's (GRDA) Canadian Hills Wind Project in Oklahoma. The purchase will supply Google's Oklahoma data center. Google will pay GRDA a premium for the renewable energy generated by the wind farm.

Google has entered into one other large-scale power purchase agreement (PPA) when it agreed to purchase the power produced by 114 MW of NextEra Energy's Story County II wind facility in Iowa. This latest PPA with GRDA marks the first time that Google has partnered directly with a utility to power one of its data centers.

News Release - More renewable energy for our data centers

November 2011 - Twenty-nine companies, organizations and individuals were recognized with national achievement awards at the Renewable Energy Markets 2011 Conference in San Francisco. The Green Power Leadership Awards recognize actions that are significantly advancing the development of renewable electricity sources through renewable energy markets. The awards are presented by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Center for Resource Solutions (CRS).

EPA's Partner of the Year awards went to the Empire State Building, Google Inc., Intel Corp., Kohl's Department Stores, and Staples. Portland, Oregon and Washington, D.C. were honored as Communities of the Year. 3Degrees and Washington Gas Energy Services were named Non-Utility Green Power Suppliers of the Year by DOE, and DTE Energy won for Utility Green Power Program of the Year. DOE also awarded the Clean Energy Collective the Innovative Green Power Program of the Year Award. CRS presented Tennessee Valley Campus Outreach Program the award for Best Green Power Education Outreach Program, New Leaf Paper, Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, and Villanti & Sons, Printers Inc. the award for Best Marketing Campaign by a Green Power Purchaser. CRS also recognized Clean Currents for the Best Marketing Campaign by a Green Power Supplier and Senator Jeff Bingaman (D-NM) as the Green Power Pioneer Award.

News Release - Energy Department Recognizes Nation's Top Green Power Programs

News Release - EPA Honors 19 Organizations for Leadership in Clean Energy

News Release - Center for Resource Solutions Announces 2011 Green Power Leadership Award Winners

Additional Information - Green Power Leadership Awards Announced November 16, 2011

October 2011 - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has added Google, Ingram Micro, and Price Chopper Supermarkets as Green Power Partners, which recognizes leading organizations for their voluntary green power efforts.

Google ranks 47th on the Green Power Partnership's National Top 50 list, with over 103 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) of annual green power usage. In addition to on-site renewable energy generation, Google purchases renewable energy from NextEra Energy Resources, Renewable Choice Energy, and Puget Sound Energy.

Ingram Micro ranks 61st on the Green Power Partnership's Fortune 500 Partners list, purchasing more than 3.1 million kWh of green power each year, which is equivalent to meet 107 percent of the company's electricity use at its corporate headquarters in Santa Ana, California. Ingram Micro is purchasing renewable energy credits (RECs) from Renewable Choice Energy.

Price Chopper Supermarkets ranks 18th on the Green Power Partnership's Top 20 Retail list, using 12 million kWh of green power annually. Price Chopper purchases green power from Hess Energy Marketing.

News Release - U.S. EPA adds Global Tech Giants Google, Ingram Micro as Green Power Partners

News Release - EPA Recognizes Ingram Micro Inc. Among Nation's Leading Green Power Purchasers

News Release - EPA Recognizes Price Chopper Supermarkets Among Nation's Leading Green Power Purchasers

September 2011 - Google for the first time has released its annual electricity consumption, including data on renewable electricity use. For 2010, Google reported that 25% of the company's 2.26 million Megawatt-hours (MWh) of electricity use was supplied by renewable sources. A majority of the 25% claimed comes from renewable electricity already in the grid, while the remaining comes from renewable electricity purchased directly by Google.

Google also announced that it has partnered with Clean Power Finance to create a $75 million fund for residential solar projects. The investment will allow about 3,000 households to implement rooftop PV solar installations. The fund will allow homeowners to install up to $30,000 worth of solar panels with little to no upfront costs. Homeowners will pay a monthly fee comparable to their monthly local utility bill. Google will own the solar installations and will be paid as customers purchase the electricity produced by the panels.

News Release - Google and Clean Power Finance Partner to Create $75 Million Fund for Residential Solar Projects

Additional Information - Google Discloses Carbon Footprint, Renewable Energy Goals

Additional Information - Google Invests in Rooftop Solar Installations

April 2011 - Google signed a power purchase agreement (PPA) for wind energy from a 100.8 megawatt facility in Oklahoma set to open in late 2011. Google will apply the power to its Mayes County, Oklahoma data center, which is expected to be fully operational in 2011.

Google will purchase the energy and renewable energy certificates (RECs) from NextEra Energy Resources, retain the RECs and then sell the power back to the grid at the local, wholesale price.

The purchase is the second by Google Energy, LLC, an entity formed in December 2009 to allow the company to procure large volumes of renewable energy by participating in the wholesale market.

News Release – Oklahoma, where the wind comes sweepin' down the plain

Additional Information – Google's Green PPAs: What, How, and Why PDF

Additional Information – Renewable Energy for Data Centers

July 2010 - Google has purchased the total output of NextEra Energy Resources's 114-megawatt Story County II facility in Iowa through a 20 year power purchase agreement for $38.8 million. Google plans to resell the purchased output back to the grid in the regional spot market and retire the RECs associated with the wholesale power.

The deal is the first by Google Energy LLC, an entity formed in December 2009 to allow the company to procure large volumes of renewable energy by participating in the wholesale market.

In addition to wind power, Google has also taken advantage of corporate solar installations at its Mountain View headquarters, and has invested in startups such as AltaRock (geothermal), eSolar, and Makani Power (airborne wind turbines).

News Release - Putting our 114 megawatt wind power purchase to work

Additional Information - Reducing our carbon footprint with the direct purchase of renewable energy


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