Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe Reader.
Disclosure & Certification
Abe, J., L. Alexander, C. Clark, and R. Rosen "NETS: Capturing Electricity Information in New England," The Electricity Journal, (May): 46-54, 1999.
Biewald, B., D. White and T. Woolf "Follow the Money: A Method for Tracking Electricity for Environmental Disclosure," The Electricity Journal, 12(4): 55-60, 1999.
Bird, L. "Understanding the Environmental Impacts of Electricity: Product Labeling and Certification," Corporate Environmental Strategy, Vol 9(2): 129-136, 2002.
Bird, L.A. Understanding the Environmental Impacts of Electricity: Product Labeling and Certification. NREL/TP-620-33475. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, February 2003. (PDF 541 KB)
Center for Clean Air Policy Disclosure in the Electricity Marketplace: A Policy Handbook for States. Washington, DC, 1998.
Environmental Tracking Network of North America (ETNNA), 2009. System Changes to Serve a Federal RES. June. (PDF 164 KB)
Greene, Andrew. "What Color is Your Electricity?: Energy IT Solves Age-Old Question" Public Utilities Fortnightly, July 1, 2002.
Grimm, Lydia. Certifying Hydropower for "Green" Energy Markets: The Development, Implementation, and Future of the Low Impact Hydropower Certification Program, Low Impact Hydropower Institute, Portland, Oregon, May 2002.
Holt, E.A. Disclosure and Certification: Truth and Labeling for Electric Power. Renewable Energy Policy Project, Issue Brief No. 5, January 1997.
National Council on Competition and the Electric Industry "Uniform Consumer Disclosure Standards for New England: Report and Recommendations to the New England Utility Regulatory Commissions, October 6, 1997." Prepared for the New England Utility Regulatory Commissions, October 1997. 6.
Oppenheim, J. and B. Alexander. Model Electricity Consumer Protection Disclosures, Report to The National Council on Competition and the Electric Industry, 1998. (PDF 267 KB)
Patterson, M.J. and I.H. Rowlands. "Beauty in the Eye of the Beholder: A Comparison of 'Green Power' Certification Programs in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States," Energy and Environment, 13(1): 1-25, 2002.
Rabago, K., R. Wiser, and J. Hamrin "The Green-e Program: An Opportunity for Customers" The Electricity Journal, 11(1) 37-45, 1998.
Resolution in Support of Customer "Right-to-Know" and Product Labeling Standards, National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners. July 1996. (PDF 76 KB)
Sedano, Richard. Electric Product Disclosure: A Status Report. Prepared by Regulatory Assistance Project for the National Council on Competition and the Electric Industry's Consumer Information Disclosure Series, June, 2002. (PDF 1.2 MB)
The National Council on Competition and the Electric Industry. A Summary of Research on Information Disclosure: Synthesis Report. October 1998. (PDF 325 KB)
Truffer, B. J. Markard, and R. Wustenhagen. "Eco-labeling of Electricity- Strategies and Tradeoffs in the Definition of Environmental Standards," Energy Policy 29 (11): 885-897, 2001.
Volpi, Giulio and J. Green. "Consumer Power - A new label for green electricity products," Renewable Energy World, Nov/Dec 2002, 5(6):67-75, 2002.
Wiser, R. "Supporting Renewable Generation Through Green Power Certification: The Green-e Program" Report prepared by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, September 1998. LBNL-42485. (PDF 376 KB)
Wiser, R. "Greening the Electricity Industry: The Dynamic Logic of the Green-e Certification Program" Corporate Environmental Strategy, Vol 6(1): 25-35, 1999.