Skip Navigation to main content U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Green Power Network
About the GPNGreen Power MarketsBuying Green PowerOnsite Renewable EnergyPublicationsFinancial OpportunitiesHome
Information Resources

 
 

Publications
Alphabetical Listing
Categorical Listing
Chronological Listing
Featured Reports


Featured Reports

Selected from from our Library of Green Power Publications

Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe Reader.

Feature Report
Heeter, J., T. Nicholas, 2013. Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2012 Data). NREL Report No. TP-6A20-60210. (PDF 1.2 MB)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2014. Green Power Procurement: A Guide to Developing and Implementing Greenhouse Gas Reduction Programs. Local Government Climate and Energy Strategy Series. EPA 430-R-09-045 (PDF 890 KB)

Heeter, J., 2013. Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) Tracking Systems: Costs & Verification Issues (Presentation). NREL/PR-6A20-60640. (PDF 517 KB)

Heeter, J., P. Armstrong, L. Bird, 2012. Market Brief: Status of the Voluntary Renewable Energy Certificate Market (2011 Data). NREL/TP-6A20-52925 (PDF 974 KB)

Bird, L., A. Reger, and J. Heeter, 2012. Distributed Solar Incentive Programs: Recent Experience and Best Practices for Design and Implementation. NREL/TP-6A20-56308. (PDF 1.1 MB)

Heeter, J. and J. McLaren, 2012. Innovations in Voluntary Renewable Energy Procurement: Methods for Expanding Access and Lowering Cost for Communities, Governments, and Businesses. NREL/TP-6A20-54991. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, September. (PDF 1.0 MB)

Holt, E., J. Sumner, L. Bird, 2011. Role of Renewable Energy Certificates in Developing New Renewable Energy Projects. NREL/TP-6A20-51904. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, July. (PDF 1.1 MB)

Elefant, C., E. Holt, 2011. The Commerce Clause and Implications for State Renewable Portfolio Standard. Montpelier, VT: Clean Energy States Alliance, April.

Heeter, J., L. Bird, 2011. Status and Trends in U.S. Compliance and Voluntary Renewable Energy Certificate Markets (2010 Data). NREL/TP-6A20-52925. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, October. (PDF 1.6 MB)

Natural Marketing Institute, 2011. Consumer Attitudes About Renewable Energy. NREL/SR-6A20-50988. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, April. (PDF 492 KB)

Bird, L., J. Sumner, 2011. Using Renewable Energy Purchases to Achieve Carbon Goals. NREL/TP-6A20-49938. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, January. (PDF 614 KB)

Bird, L., J. Sumner, 2010. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report (2009 Data). NREL/TP-6A20-49403. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, September. (PDF 1.1 MB)

Bird, L., D. Hurlbut, P. Donohoo, K. Cory, and C. Kreycik, 2010. Examination of the Regional Supply and Demand Balance for Renewable Electricity in the United States through 2015 (Revised). NREL/TP-6A2-45041. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, June. Original publication date: March 2009 (PDF 889 KB)

Bird, L., C. Chapman, J. Logan, J. Sumner, W. Short, 2010. Evaluating Renewable Portfolio Standards and Carbon Cap Scenarios in the U.S. Electric Sector. NREL Report No. TP-6A2-48258. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, May. (PDF 1.1 MB)

Bird, L., E. Holt, J. Sumner, and C. Kreycik, 2010. Voluntary Green Power Market Forecast through 2015, NREL/TP-6A2-48158. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, May. (PDF 696 KB)

U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, World Resources Institute, Center for Resource Solutions, 2010. Guide to Purchasing Green Power: Renewable Electricity, Renewable Energy Certificates, and On-Site Renewable Generation (Updated). Washington, D.C. ISBN: 1-56973-577-8. March. (PDF 2.0 MB)

Environmental Tracking Network of North America (ETNNA), 2010. The Intersection Between Carbon, RECs, and Tracking: Accounting and Tracking the Carbon Attributes of Renewable Energy. White Paper, February. (PDF 406 KB)

Friedman, B. and M. Miller, 2009. Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance, NREL/TP-6A2-46449. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, September. (PDF 1.1 MB)

Bird, L., C. Kreycik, and B. Friedman, 2009. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report (2008 Data), NREL/TP-6A2-46581. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, September. (PDF 880 KB)

Environmental Tracking Network of North America (ETNNA), 2009. System Changes to Serve a Federal RES. June. (PDF 164 KB)

Natural Marketing Institute and Center for Resource Solutions, 2009. Unlocking The Power of Renewable Energy Certification To Build Credibility With Consumers. Center for Resource Solutions, June. (PDF 237 KB)

Friedman, B., L. Bird, and G. Barbose, 2008. Considerations for Emerging Markets for Energy Savings Certificates, NREL/TP-670-44072. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, October. (PDF 825 KB)

Bird, L., B. Swezey, and K. Cory, 2008. Renewable Energy Price-Stability Benefits in Utility Green Power Programs, NREL/TP-670-43532. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, August. (PDF 591 KB)

Bird, L., L. Dagher, and B. Swezey, 2007. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report (Tenth Edition), NREL/TP-670-42502. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, December. (PDF 2.1 MB)

Bird, L., E. Holt, and G. Carroll, 2007. Implications of Carbon Regulation for Green Power Markets, NREL/TP-640-41076. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, April. (PDF 982 KB)

Swezey, B., J. Aabakken, and L. Bird, 2007. A Preliminary Examination of the Supply and Demand Balance for Renewable Electricity, NREL/TP-670-42266. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, October. (PDF 530 KB)

Bird, L. and M. Kaiser, 2007. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006), 2007. NREL/TP-670-42287. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, October. (PDF 786 KB)

Bird, L. and E. Lokey, 2007. Interaction of Compliance and Voluntary Renewable Energy Markets, NREL/ TP-670-42096. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, October. (PDF 1.1 MB)

Proceedings from the Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) Markets and Challenges Workshop, 2007. Washington, DC. September 11.

Holt, E. and R. Wiser, 2007. The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables Portfolio Standards. Report prepared for Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, April. LBNL-62574. (PDF 292 KB)

Bird, L. and B. Swezey, 2006. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report (Ninth Edition), NREL/TP-620-40904. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, November. (PDF 1.5 MB)

Bird, L. and E.S. Brown, 2006. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2005). NREL/TP-620-40777. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, October. (PDF 812 KB)

Jenkins, J., 2006. Powerful Choices VI: A Survey of Retail Green Power Programs in the Pacific Northwest. Renewable Northwest Project, Portland, OR, September. (PDF 2.2 MB)

Hamrin, J., D. Lieberman, and M. Wingate, 2006. Regulator's Handbook on Renewable Energy Programs and Tariffs. San Francisco, California: The Center for Resource Solution, April. (PDF 587 KB)

Bird, L. and E.S. Brown, 2006. Utility-Marketer Partnerships: An Effective Strategy for Marketing Green Power?. NREL/TP-620-39730. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, April. (PDF 766 KB)

Holt, Ed, R. Wiser and M. Bolinger, 2006. Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates? An Exploration of Policy Options and Practice. Report prepared for Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, April. LBNL-59965. (PDF 376 KB)

Hanson, Craig, 2005. Corporate Guide to Green Power Markets (Installment 7): The Business Case for Using Renewable Energy. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC. (PDF 143 KB)

Holt, E.A. and L. Bird, 2005. Emerging Markets for Renewable Energy Certificates: Opportunities and Challenges. NREL/TP-620-37388. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, January. (PDF 1.5 MB)

Holt, E.A., and M. Holt, 2004. Green Pricing Resource Guide (2nd Edition). Ed Holt & Associates, Inc., Harpswell, Maine. Prepared for the American Wind Energy Association, Washington DC, September. (PDF 433 KB)

Wiser, R. and S. Olsen, with L. Bird and B. Swezey, 2004. Utility Green Pricing Programs: A Statistical Analysis of Program Effectiveness. LBNL-54437. Report prepared by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, February. (PDF 224 KB)

Lehr, R.L., W. Guild, D. Thomas, B. Swezey, 2003. Listening to Customers: How Deliberative Polling Helped Build 1,000 MW of New Renewable Energy Projects in Texas. NREL/TP-620-33177. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, June. (PDF 828 KB)

Washington Department of Community, Trade and Economic Development (CTED) and Utilities Transportation Commission (UTC), 2003. Green Power Programs in Washington: A Report to the Legislature. Olympia, WA, December. (MS Word 183 KB)

Center for Resource Solutions, 2003. Regulators Handbook on Tradable Renewable Certificates. San Francisco, California.

Swezey, B. and L. Bird, 2003. "Buying Green Power - You Really Can Make a Difference," Solar Today, Jan/Feb. (PDF 128 KB)

Bird, L., R. Wustenhagen, and J. Aabakken, 2002. Green Power Marketing Abroad: Recent Experience and Trends. NREL/TP-620-32155. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, April. (PDF 1.1 MB)

Wiser, R., M. Bolinger, E. Holt, and B. Swezey, 2001. Forecasting the Growth of Green Power Markets in the United States. NREL/TP-620-30101, Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, October. (PDF 1 MB)

Swezey, B. and L. Bird, 2001. Utility Green Pricing Programs: What Defines Success?. NREL/TP-620-29831, Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, August. (PDF 1.1 MB)

 

Printable Version


Skip footer navigation to end of page.